Early detection of bed bugs helps to control a bed bug infestation. Bed bugs are small blood-sucking parasites that feed on human blood. These are quite active at night. They harbor around the sleeping areas. Hence, while trying to ascertain the presence of bed bugs it is better to focus on those areas where the bed bugs generally thrive. They hide in places where humans sit or sleep such as living/drawing room, bedroom and are rarely present in places such as bathrooms or kitchens.
Bed bugs easily move to various places through public accommodation places (hotels, motels, movie theaters, etc.) public transport (boats, ships, train, airplane and bus). Bed bugs are attracted more towards wood and fabric than plastic or metal. Therefore, look for the bed bug symptoms in items made of these elements.
What are some of the bedbug symptoms?
- Bed bug bites are the greatest warnings to indicate the presence of the bed bugs. Bed bugs leave small bumps on the skins that do not have a red dot at the center. Though these are painless in the beginning, the bites turn into itchy scars within few days. If there are continuous bites, it is best to consider checking for the presence of the bed bugs.
- These critters are known to stay quite close to the food source, such as sleeping places and furniture – bed, mattress, sofa, couch, etc. These are the safe haven for the bed bugs to build and strengthen its shelter. Bits of shed skin, fecal spots, blood splotches, crushed bed bugs, tiny white eggs on the bed linen, furniture, and headboard will confirm the occupancy of bed bugs.
- Bed bugs also feed on the animal and bird blood such as rodents, birds, cats and dogs. If the pet seems disturbed and develops skin problems, consider checking for the bed bugs on their skin, clothing, accessories and shelter to check for bed bugs.
- Bed bugs leave a sharp musty and sweet odor that is similar to the smell of raspberries or coriander. Though there are no in-depth studies on the odor of the bed bug, the smell is attributed to the presence of scent glands. A room with infestation of the bed bugs will have a distinct sweetish odor. Crushing of the bed bugs also emanates a clear musty odor. Stronger the smell is in the room; the heavier is the bed bug infestation.
- Bed bugs hide in places other than the bed furniture such as the carpets, crevices, switchboards, wall corners, wallpaper, curtain rods, etc. Check for tiny black spots, which is the fecal waste of the bed bugs. This is yet another classic sign of the presence of the bed bugs.
- Bed bugs are great travelers and move through luggage, clothes and baggage. Inspect and check carefully, for any symptoms of bed bugs. Look particularly in the folds, zipper and pockets of the bag, especially in fabric luggage/baggage since bed bugs like to hide on such surfaces.