Cimex Lectularius or the common bed bug has become a worldwide problem, in the recent years. These blood-feeding insects survive on the warm blood of a mammal, including, human, animal or bird. The whole life cycle of the bed bug is prevalent on the type of blood meal to grow and reproduce. These nocturnal parasites have been in existence for more than 10,000 years.
The need for elimination of bed bugs
When a bed bug bites, it causes physical as well as psychological problems for the victim. Bed bugs can leave bite marks all over the body that can cause itchy swelling. This causes allergic reactions and extreme scratching of the area due to the itchiness, leading to other microbial skin infections. However, the bed bug does not carry a contiguous bacterial disease. Research confirms that bed bugs do not transfer or affect the humans with infectious organisms.
Extreme and continuous attacks of bloodsucking can cause anemia or Hepatitis B. Sleepless nights, disturbance, embarrassment of bug bites/scars, coping with bed bugs cause mental anxiety. People get paranoid and emotional about the bed bug infestation, which results in psychological stress.
Bed bugs are increasingly resistant to insecticides or pesticides, with no sign of eradication. Depending on the type of bed bug treatment, the battle against bed bugs causes a huge dent in the financial budget of a family.
Above are some of the reasons for early detection and treatment of bed bugs. Being alert and looking for signs of a bedbug infestation in the early stage can prevent many problems.
Bed Bug Signs and Hideouts
Bed bugs take shelter in those areas where there is proximity to its food source – warm blood of humans, animals and birds. There is indeed no place that is safe from bed bugs. Blood spots, fecal spots, molt skin, bloodstain, musty odor, bites in rows on exposed area, dead bugs, and eggs are the vital signs of a bed bug infestation. Following are some of the hiding places of the bed bugs –
- Used furniture including mattress, sheets, clothes, linen, boxes, etc.
- Luggage, clothes, suitcase, baggage and other belongings of travelers
- Edges of carpets, electric outlets, switch plates, utility lines
- Heating ducts, electrical shafts, mail chutes, wood holes
- Inside TVs, clocks, wall hangings, other entertainment electronic items, behind picture frames
- Behind the wall paper, plaster, wall partition, wall mounts, ceiling-wall corners
- Self storage units, items that came through delivery vans or moving trucks
- Bed frame, headboard, bed room closet, smoke detectors, box spring, nightstand, lamps, dressers, mattress seams, pillow case lining, blanket edges
- Wooden furniture, upholstery, cushions, chairs, bookshelves, cabinets, bedside table, around the bed base, curtains, valance and other soft furnishings
- Hotels, motels, hospitals, schools, boats, train, cruise ship, bus, taxi, airplanes
- Pet shelter, clothing, accessories, pets
- Crevice, cracks on the wall or floor, floor boards, skirting boards, socket appliances such as radio, computers, telephone including the sockets